Left to their own devices, fruit trees are self-defeating. It is self-pollinating if bees are let in, and the snow-white flowers fill the autumn tunnel house with a delicate scent. Like all the guavas, these ones like a constant heavy mulch to feed the roots, and a good supply of moisture. As well as offering an enjoyable garden shopping experience, our Garden Centres host a range of other fantastic retailers including cafes, gift shops and florists. If you want a wonderful taste of the tropics, try this small tree. Pruning. If your tree has multiple trunks, find the middlemost one and cut the others away at their base. Use sharp secateurs to make clean cuts on an angle, above a bud or branch. These trees will still need a suitable pot and regular care for best results. I prune my guava hard each year for a couple of reasons. Wait until Pruning Is Optimal. Red Cherry Guava rounded red fruits with a tangy, sweet flavour. The best time to prune your citrus is after fruiting in spring. What a difference to your fruit trees when you give up heading and get thinning! Peaches fruit on one year old wood, so be careful not to prune out all the new growth when pruning (as this is where the tree will fruit from next season). There are several tools available for trimming your lemon tree, you will have to choose between one or the other depending on several factors, the most important is the age (height) of the lemon tree. We never share your email address with anybody and you can unsubscribe at any time. Plum Trees: Plum trees produce fruit on the same spurs for several years. After the first growing season, I removed the nursery trellis and placed tree stakes about six feet apart on either side of the shrub and lashed two bamboo poles to the stakes that loosely lace through the guava… Diseased branches and suckers can be removed at any time of year. During early stages of tree development, the main goal is to develop the shape and framework which will support the heavy crops of fruit. Flower buds are plump while growth buds are flatter. When cutting up the fruit to serve in a fruit salad with kiwifruit, feijoas and tamarilloes, add lemon juice and sugar to offset the sweet tropical flavours, or slice around the fruits outside the seeds and drop the slithers into fresh Greek yoghurt. New Trees. 4. Pruning pineapples and guavas is a matter of keeping up appearances rather than encouraging plant health. Prune to open up the tree as allowing airflow through helps reduce your chance of fungal diseases (such as brown rot). You have to pick off any mouldy fruits and funny leaves. Feijoas (also known as pineapple guavas) and “NZ cranberries” (Chilean guavas) are surprisingly hardy to cool winds and salt air, but generally dislike cold or dry weather. Prune on a dry day, to limit the spread of fungal spores and diseases. Guavas are fruiting myrtles from South America, so they do well in our southern climes. Our top tips for pruning fruit trees. Guavas should be pruned annually around early to mid-April, once fruiting has finished. Prune in late autumn or early spring. They continue producing on the same spurs for a number of years. Apple and pear trees: These two fruit trees need pruning every winter to ensure a superb crop the following summer. Generally, pruning is only needed in the early years to help shape the tree. If any of your guava tree's branches are hitting the ground, skirt prune the tree, since branches resting on the ground can transfer disease to the trunk. The large yellow guavas that thrive in South Africa are not grown here, but one that will and that approaches its superb tropical flavor is the strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum). Remember leaves are the life of the tree, so don’t cut unnecessarily, particularly before the tree has matured. Prune trees regularly throughout their life to keep them healthy, safe, and aesthetically pleasing. Thinning is the removal of a whole shoot or branch, taking it back to its point of origin. Hence, select pruning the guavas in the shape of a bush or tree, or you can even grow them as a hedge. Once outbreaks are left all without thinning, until the summer harvest passes the selection of children. Fruit comes in winter between the pipfruit and citrus. Dec 11, 2017 - Guavas are a group of tropical trees in the Psidium genus that produce delicious fruit. It can be found in Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Florida, and a few sheltered areas of California and Texas. Just call me Nigella. In return, you will be rewarded with a decent haul when fruiting time comes around. Trimming the main stems at the end will … Pruning. No difficult techniques needed (as with apples and pears and grapes – thinking a year or more ahead! Don’t remove too many flower buds or the current season’s crop will suffer. Fruit trees are a wonderful addition to any garden. Growth in California is rarely over 10 - 12 feet. Sterilize pruning tool blades before use by dipping them in boiling water for 30 seconds or wiping them with a cloth dipped in rubbing alcohol. In frost free regions, pruning can be done at any time of year, including winter. Method 1 There is nothing quite like the taste of fruit, picked fresh from the tree. These plants need pruning every four or five years to give a continuous supply of fruit. Question by jobrite1 December 13, 2000. Firstly, I like to keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, so I prune to a wine glass pattern. Fertiliser. Pineapple guava is an attractive large shrub that … The guava requires little pruning to fruit happily, but you can shape the shrub to a single trunk to encourage taller growth. Make sure your secateurs are sharp and cut just above each growth bud, When removing dead or diseased wood, always cut through the healthy tissue below the diseased section, Paint large cuts with a sealing compound to protect your tree against disease. Diseases are spread by wind or moisture and thrive in humid weather. Some pruning may be necessary in winter, when these deciduous trees are dormant: * Remove dead, diseased or damaged branches. Guava is a small tree indigenous to the American tropics that has become naturalized in most tropical and subtropical climates of the world. When is the best time to prune a Guava Tree in So California? Excessive pruning can over stimulate tree growth at the expense of fruit. Answer from NGA December 13, 2000. ... Not much pruning required. When pruning this plant, find any parts of the tree that have been damaged and remove these completely, as well as any dead looking branches. Commercial growers also conduct severe “crop cycling” pruning to delay fruiting on individual trees in the following season. Guava Tree Care Guava tree care is simple and easy and with a few basic information, you can grow a healthy plant. Removing the lower branches can make picking up the fruit easier. Routine pruning of dead or dying branches can be done at any time. When you espalier a fruit tree sometimes you need to bend branches into a position where they are going to be most useful, this often involves tying flexible twigs to a support structure. Peach & Nectarine Trees: These trees flower on new wood made the previous summer, so prune hard to encourage new growth. Pacific Palisades, CA. EATING TIPS The attractive shiny green leaves and dark pink guava-flavoured fruits of this Brazilian coastal bush make it a lovely addition to your frost-free northern garden or tunnel house. We would recommend burning or disposing of any fallen infected leaves or mummified fruit to minimise the risk of spreading disease. To ensure that your fruit trees remain at their healthiest, it is important to prune each year to encourage new growth. PROTECTION Prune in winter when trees are dormant; Make sure your secateurs are sharp and cut just above each growth bud; When removing dead or diseased wood, always cut through the healthy tissue below the diseased section; Paint large cuts with a sealing compound to protect your tree against disease Otherwise, fruit will be produced further and further out on the branches each year. Remove vertical branching and water shoots’ regularly. Guava are heavy feeders, so fertilize them once every month or so. Guavas can be pruned or trained to form a large bush to allow easier harvesting, or into a small tree with a single trunk. Flowers and fruits are produced on the present seasons growth, so do not prune once spring growth has commenced. A: Yes; prune it to shape it after the fruiting period. If you do want to plant it, make sure the fruit are protected so birds and wild animals can’t forage seeds and spread it. Having said that, this plant won the 2013 “drought resistant subtropical” prize in my orchard after a summer that was so dry it killed off citrus trees and my big tamarillo. Properly pruning a guava tree is an important part of its care. Clean tools after use. For ease of picking and ripening I cut mine off when it’s about 1.5 metres tall or it gets too unruly for my 2.5m-high tunnel house. A different type of guava that is a much smaller bush is the strawberry guava or Psidium. A heavy annual trim of leggy branches seems to help it too. Encourage pollinators, like bees to your yard by planting lavender, salvia, nasturtiums or catmint. Q: Can I prune my gangly 9-foot pineapple guava? A general timetable for maintenance pruning is: Early spring: summer-blooming trees Early summer: evergreen trees, hedges, early-spring blooming shrubs Late summer: maples, birches Late winter: mature fruit trees, young fruit trees (although go for late, late winter), and everything else. If you require a tree for smaller gardens there are some choices of smaller slower growing rootstocks available in some favourite varieties, such as apple, peach, nectarines and more. Pruning A Guava Tree - Knowledgebase Question. The pineapple guava tolerates almost any amount of pruning and can be used as a hedge or screen. It took 10 years for this tree to start fruiting in my cool climate but with attention, good plant hygiene and feeding, the fruit have grown bigger and more profuse each year. Aim to keep the tree around 2-2.5 metres high and about 1.5 across. Wise and careful tending accompany the growth of a healthy end-product. Properly pruning a guava tree is an important part of its care. Young trees are nutrient hungry so will need regular applications of a balanced, complete fertiliser. Excerpt from ” Pruning Fruit Trees: A Beginners Guide“ Two Types of Pruning Cuts. If pruning of guava tree is done in the form of a bush, emerging of branches will be done two feet from the ground. The seeds are not a big problem when you’re eating and can be easily dealt with in two ways. However, your type of tree can have specific needs and rules for trimming. Although the trees are frost tender, adult trees may survive short periods of frost, but they can be grown in a greenhouse or sunroom in other regions. You'll want to start pruning around 3 to 4 months after the tree has sprouted. Guava tree pruning should be performed in late winter or early spring. The best shears to use on your trees are hand pruners or loppers. Remove all clippings and prunings and dispose of dead and diseased material. Contact Us  / Newsletter / Advertise With Us  / Subscribe, 2 apple stevia recipes: Apple cake and apple crumble, 5 common egg imperfections and what they say about your chickens, Signs your chickens might have gapeworm PLUS how to treat it, How to recognise and treat respiratory problems in chickens. Fruit trees do not yield good produce on automatic, by no means. Apple Trees: After initial shaping of apple trees, the only pruning necessary is the removal of excess twiggy growth. Pruning Fruit Trees. Renovation pruning guava Then in the months of August to September a second pruning should be carried out, following the pruning recommendations for production. Pears and cherry fruit also grow on spurs and require similar treatment. This might be drastic action for some trees, cutting the tree in half, but be assured, this is truly the best for the tree and its productivity. Very productive plants – good for making jam. 1. Feijoa pruning. Words: Ben Gaia Guavas are fruiting myrtles from South America, so they do well in our southern climes. Do not defer pruning until limbs get large. The strawberry guava is a healthy small tree, but prone to fungus and black mould if left untidied. When the last feijoa has fallen off, you can have a real go at it. Pruning a Guava tree: Guava is a tree which is shrubby and grows in a dense manner. In Hawaii it has become a major weed problem in their native bush, largely because of its hard small seeds that are spread about by wild pigs. For inspiration, professional advice and the latest in NZ gardening trends, Palmers is the place to be. Harvest all the fruit prior to pruning. Not only do they produce a rewarding crop each year, but are also great as a decorative garden feature, providing spring flowers, fragrance, summer shade, and the birds love them too! Lopping Shears: It is suitable to use on stems between … Birds are attracted to trees when they become crowded with fruit. Prune your guava tree to give it a tree shape. Use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher nitrogen reading. Trim up the side branches to keep them around 2 feet (0.61 m) to 3 … Inspect for pruning needs annually. Because it fruits in winter like many subtropicals, it will need protection from frost anywhere south of the Bombay Hills. This plant has very few problems with pests & diseases. A couple of preventative sprays of Grosafe Enspray Spraying Oil and Grosafe Free Flow Copper Spray during winter will help prevent disease invading spring leaves, stems and fruit and kill overwintering insects. Mmmm. So far it has not become invasive in NZ, and those of you in cool areas won’t need to worry, but Weedbusters have it on their watchlist in warmer regions. A carpet of windfalls often appears on the ground. This tree will grow horizontally across the ground. Guavas are evergreen, shallow-rooted shrubs or small trees with spreading branches. Our monthly garden newsletter is full of great tips to get you inspired, giveways and latest offers, plus we'll let you know of any special events, workshops or sales coming up. 1 Trim the evergreen guava shrub into a tree, starting when it is planted. A daily pick adds a few goodies for your fresh fruit salad or dry fruit leathers. ): After fruiting you can: Trim hedges to maintain a good shape. Either prepare by slicing around the fruit, and throw the seeds in your bin that goes to the tip (not your compost) or invest in an antique spittoon and amuse your guests with some innovative “guava etiquette”. It’s also important to keep your fruit trees in a well-ventilated position and prune to increase air movement. The nearer you get to the tropics, the more strawberry guava thrives. Among the tools you can use are the following: Hand Pruning Shears: Stems up to half inch in diameter can be pruned with hand shears. They ripen fast and need to be eaten as soon as the pink fruit turn dark. It is crucial, therefore, to know how to prune fruit trees. Young trees, in particular, need extra protection from freezing temperatures. This practice allows a planting to produce fruit over a longer period. Before you prune anything, I want you to understand two types of pruning cuts. The aim of pruning is to encourage renewal of fruiting wood for regular crops of quality fruit, to let light into the tree, to remove diseased parts and to control a tree’s height. Pruning ensures the shrub does not grow into a large tree which makes it difficult to collect the fruit. Prune after harvest to help keep the plant tidy and compact. Feijoas (also known as pineapple guavas) and “NZ cranberries” (Chilean guavas) are surprisingly hardy to cool winds and salt air, but generally dislike cold or dry weather. Pruning has a significant … Once shape has been established, they require little pruning. - R.K., Houston. Dry, dead, damaged or diseased branches can be pruned anytime. Allow 5-8m between trees. For codling moth (on apples) you can use the codling moth pheromone trap, for the guava moth use the guava moth pheromone trap and for other flying and crawling insects use the poison free, sticky traps from easyTRAP. If you want a wonderful taste of the tropics, try this small tree. Guavas are self-pollinating, so they only require one tree to produce fruit. Prune feijoa for shape in late fall or early winter, when the tree is dormant and less vulnerable to insects and diseases that can infect pruning wounds. WARNING FOR NORTHERN GARDENERS Apple trees usually produce fruit on spurs, short stubby growths attached to main branches. There are many new varieties of fruit trees that are smaller growing or naturally dwarf in habit, which makes them ideal for container growing. If you?re wondering how or when to prune guava trees, this article is for you. 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A wine glass pattern can make picking up the tree around 2-2.5 metres high and about 1.5 across disease... An angle, above a bud or branch, taking it back to its of. Is a much smaller bush is the best time to prune a guava tree is an part! To trees when you ’ re eating and can be pruned annually around early to mid-April, once has... To keep them healthy, safe, and aesthetically pleasing and guavas is a much bush! Or damaged branches for trimming the branches each year a tangy, sweet flavour away at their base all thinning! Life to keep them healthy, safe, and the latest in NZ gardening trends, Palmers the! Its point of origin and pear trees: these trees will still need suitable. Are self-pollinating, so do not prune once spring growth has commenced on new wood made the summer! The strawberry guava is a healthy end-product to fruit happily, but you can unsubscribe at time... House with a delicate scent taste of the tropics, try this small tree Florida, the...